The 4, 6, 8 or 10 can be made both hard and easy ways. Betting point numbers which pays off on easy or hard rolls of that number or single-roll "hop" bets e. A player can choose either the 6 or 8 being rolled before the shooter throws a seven. These wagers are usually avoided by experienced craps players since they pay even money while a player can make place bets on the 6 or the 8, which pay more The bets are located in the corners behind the pass line, and bets may be placed directly by players. In addition place bets are usually not working, except by agreement, when the shooter is "coming out" i.
Single-roll proposition bets are resolved in one dice roll by the shooter. Most of these are called "Service Bets", and they are located at the center of most craps tables. Only the stickman or a dealer can place a service bet. The lowest single roll bet can be a minimum one unit bet.
Single bets are always working by default unless the player specifies otherwise. The bets include:. The stickman places this bet on the line dividing the 2 and 12 bets. The combine payout is on craps and on 11 yo. Another method of calculating the payout is to divide the total bet in half. The player would receive minus half the total bet payout on half the total bet for craps and minus half the total bet payout on half the total bet for 11 yo.
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Both methods of calculation yield the same result so either method can be used. If a player wishes to take the bet down after a win the player would receive the whole bet not half even though only one of the two bets can win per roll. One of the two bets will always lose, the other may win. Any seven: Wins if the shooter rolls a 7 with payout. This bet is also nicknamed Big Red, since the 7 on its betting space on the layout is usually large and red, and it is considered bad luck [ by whom?
Horn: This is a bet that involves betting on 1 unit each for 2, 3, 11 and 12 at the same time for the next roll. The bet is actually four separate bets, and pays off depending on which number is actually rolled. The combine payout is for 2, 12 and for 3, Each individual bet has the same payout as a single bet on the specific numbers, for 2 and 12 minus the other three bets, for 3 and 11 minus the other three bets.
If a player wins the bet he can take down all four bets instead of a single bet even though only one bet can win per roll. Many players, in order to eliminate the confusion of tossing four chips to the center of the table or having change made while bets are being placed, will make a five-unit Horn High bet, which is a four-way bet with the extra unit going to one specific number. Horn bets are generally required to be in multiples of 4 or 5 with the minimum bet being 4 times the minimum unit allowed. Whirl or World: A five-unit bet that is a combination of a horn and any-seven bet, with the idea that if a seven is rolled the bet is a push, because the money won on the seven is lost on the horn portions of the bet.
The combine odds are on the 2, 12, on the 3, 11, and a push on the 7. The minimum bet is five of the minimum units.
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On the Hop, Hop or Hopping: A single roll bet on any particular combination of the two dice on the next roll including combinations whose sum is 7 e. For example, if you bet on "5 and 1" on the hop, you are betting that the next roll will have a 5 on one die and a 1 on the other die. The bet pays on easy ways same as a bet on 3 or Hard ways hop pays e.
The true odds are and , resulting in a house edge of When presented, hop bets are located at the center of the craps layout with the other proposition bets. If hop bets are not on the craps layout, they still may be bet on by players but they become the responsibility of the boxman to book the bet. Sometimes players may request to hop a whole number. In this case the money on the bet different combinations.
For example, if a player says "hop the tens" 6—4, 5—5, 4—6 the player must give the dealer an even number bet so it can be divided among the hard and easy ways. If a player wishes to "hop the sevens" there would be three different combinations and six possible ways to roll a 7 6—1, 5—2, 4—3, 3—4, 2—5, 1—6 therefore the player should bet in multiples of 3 so the bet can be divided among each combination with a payout minus the other two bets, otherwise if players does not bet in multiples of 3, they would specific which combination has additional units.
Field: This bet is a wager that one of the numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12 will appear on the next roll of the dice. This bet typically pays more or if 2 or 12 is rolled, and if 3, 4, 9, 10 or 11 is rolled. The Field bet is a "Self-Service" Bet. Unlike the other proposition bets which are handled by the dealers or stickman, the field bet is placed directly by the player. Players identify their Field bets by placing them in the Field area directly in front of them or as close to their position as possible. As different individual points are made by the shooter, they will be marked on the craps layout with a fire symbol.
The first three points will not pay out on the fire bet, but the fourth, fifth and sixth will pay out at increasing odds. The fourth point pays at to-1, the fifth point pays at to-1 and the 6th point pays at to Note that the points must all be different numbers for them to count towards the fire bet. For example, a shooter who successfully hits a point of 10 twice will only garner credit for the first one on the fire bet. Players must hit the established point in order for it to count toward the fire bet.
The payout is determine by the number of points which have been established and hit after the shooter sevens out. Bonus Craps: Is a registered trademark owned by Galaxy Gaming. These bets pay for-1, for a house advantage of 7. This pays for-1, for a house edge of 7. For all three wagers, the order in which the numbers are hit does not matter. Whenever a seven is hit, including on the come out roll, all bonus bets lose, the bonus board is reset, and new bonus bets may be placed.
A player may wish to make multiple different bets. If one of the bets win the dealer may automatically replenish the losing bet with profits from the winning bet. In this example, if the shooter rolls a hard 8 pays , the horn loses. If the player does not want the bet replenished, he or she should request any or all bets be taken down.
A working bet is a live bet. Bets may also be on the board, but not in play and therefore not working. Pass line and come bets are always working meaning the chips are in play and the player is therefore wagering live money. Other bets may be working or not working depending whether a point has been established or player's choice. Place and buy bets are working by default when a point is established and not working when the point is off unless the player specifies otherwise. Lay bets are always working even if a point has not been established unless the player requests otherwise. At any time, a player may wish to take any bet or bets out of play.
The dealer will put an "Off" button on the player's specific bet or bets; this allows the player to keep his chips on the board without a live wager. For example, if a player decides not to wager a place bet mid-roll but wishes to keep the chips on the number, he or she may request the bet be "not working" or "Off". The chips remain on the table, but the player cannot win from or lose chips which are not working. The opposite is also allowed. By default place and buy bets are not working without an established point; a player may wish to wager chips before a point has been established.
In this case, the player would request the bet be working in which the dealer will place an "On" button on the specified chips. The probability of dice combinations determine the odds of the payout. The following chart shows the dice combinations needed to roll each number. The two and twelve are the hardest to roll since only one combination of dice is possible. The game of craps is built around the dice roll of seven, since it is the most easily rolled dice combination.
The expected value of all bets is usually negative, such that the average player will always lose money. This is because the house always sets the paid odds to below the actual odds. However, this "free odds" bet cannot be made independently, so the expected value of the entire bet, including odds, is still negative.
Since there is no correlation between die rolls, there is normally no possible long-term winning strategy in craps. There are occasional promotional variants that provide either no house edge or even a player edge. One example is a field bet that pays on 12 and on either 3 or This is sometimes seen at casinos running limited-time incentives, in jurisdictions or gaming houses that require the game to be fair, or in layouts for use in informal settings using play money. No casino currently runs a craps table with a bet that yields a player edge full-time.
Maximizing the size of the odds bet in relation to the line bet will reduce, but never eliminate the house edge, and will increase variance.
How to Play Craps
Most casinos have a limit on how large the odds bet can be in relation to the line bet, with single, double, and five times odds common. Some casinos offer 3—4—5 odds, referring to the maximum multiple of the line bet a player can place in odds for the points of 4 and 10, 5 and 9, and 6 and 8, respectively. During promotional periods, a casino may even offer x odds bets, which reduces the house edge to almost nothing, but dramatically increases variance, as the player will be betting in large betting units.
Since several of the multiple roll bets pay off in ratios of fractions on the dollar, it is important that the player bets in multiples that will allow a correct payoff in complete dollars. Normally, payoffs will be rounded down to the nearest dollar, resulting in a higher house advantage. These bets include all place bets, taking odds, and buying on numbers 6, 8, 5, and 9, as well as laying all numbers. These variants depend on the casino and the table, and sometimes a casino will have different tables that use or omit these variants and others.
When craps is played in a casino, all bets have a house advantage. There may be players who are lucky and get ahead for a period of time, but in the long run these winning streaks are eroded away.